Integration of Eastern and Western Methods: Reiki in Clinical Practice — A Meta-Analysis
As the world of health and wellness expands, we see more and more in todays world that Western or traditional medicine and Eastern or alternative medicine are being used in conjunction. The essence of integrative medicine is that subtle energies play into and affect our physical reality, including our health. This being said, I’m studying the practice and effects of using Reiki healing in clinical practice.
Miles, P., & True, G. (2003). Reiki- Review of biofield therapy history, theory, practice, and research. Alternative Therapies, 9(2), 62-72. https://s3.amazonaws.com/academia.edu.documents/38851235/Milesand_True.pdfAWSAccessKeyId=AKIAIWOWYYGZ2Y53UL3A&Expires=1551841196&Signature=EIarO961q%2BIC0F00Xhyy8pDklvI%3D&response-content-disposition=inline%3B%20filename%3DReiki–review_of_a_biofield_therapy_hist.pdf
Pamela Miles and Gala True, in “Reiki- Review of Biofield Therapy History, Theory, Practice, and Research” (2003) provide essential background information on Reiki healing including it’s history, theories, and increasing use in clinical practice, explaining that it can be used as a complimentary tool. The authors discuss the basics of Reiki by discussing it’s theory and history as well as things like training, treatment, and how it is being integrated in hospitals and similar settings. Their purpose is to explain the core of what Reiki is in order to introduce why it can be beneficial as a complimentary practice. The intended audience seems to be one more familiar with Western than Eastern methods of healing and medicine because they discuss the scientific background of Reiki instead of just the spiritual one; Western audiences typically are more interested in the former than the latter.
Kyrak, E & Vitale, A. (2011). Reiki and its journey into a hospital setting. Holistic Nursing Practice, 25(5), 238-245. http://mind-body-science.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/09/hnp3.pdf.
In “Reiki and Its Journey Into a Hospital Setting” (2011), Elizabeth Kyrak and Anne Vitale reflect on their journey of helping integrate Reiki into a hospital setting in their own nursing practices, explaining that it can be a great tool to utilize in clinical practice. The authors show the success of their practice by explaining how the integration process worked over the years and sharing how they’ve seen the benefits of Reiki in their practice. It seems that their purpose was explain why and how Reiki can be used in order to promote its use in clinical settings. The audience the authors target is nurses and other medical professionals, shown by their tendency to explain why policies should be introduced to support Reiki in hospitals.
Anderson, J & Taylor, A. (2011). Effects of healing touch in clinical practice. Journal of Holistic Nursing, 29(3), 221-228. https://journals-sagepub-com.libproxy.plymouth.edu/doi/pdf/10.1177/0898010110393353
In “Effects of Healing Touch in Clinical Practice” (2011), authors Joel Anderson and Ann Taylor share their study on the effects of hands-on energy therapies like Reiki in clinical settings, determining that it can be useful but tends to be immeasurable. They explain their study like a typical research paper, including things like methods, results, etc., but come to the conclusion that although benefits were seen, our lack of scientific knowledge and measurement tools makes it hard to get concrete numbers supporting evidence of Reiki’s effectiveness. The purpose seems to be to share the findings of their study even though the lack of solid quantitative data makes it hard to come to a solid conclusion, so that they don’t ignore the benefits of Reiki but also don’t deny that they are lacking the information to solidify a certain result. This article seems to be for an audience interested in things like Reiki and similar tools, but who possess a science-focused brain who value those concrete quantitative results because they go through the study as they should and share results without skewing them one way or another.
Lepine, E. (2018). Reiki in Australian hospitals and ‘palliative care centres’. Journal of the Australian Traditional-Medicine Society, 24(3), 166-168. http://web.a.ebscohost.com.libproxy.plymouth.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=1&sid=07fd8460-2a38-4beb-9675-4bfe9d742f91%40sdc-v-sessmgr05
Eugenio Lepine, in “Reiki in Australian Hospitals and ‘Palliative Care Centres’” (2018), gives a overview of how Reiki is being used in some clinical settings in Australia, Tazmania, and New South Wales, showing that resources are out there for people to reap benefits from. He gives a brief overview of how science is trying to understand Reiki and how/where it is being used in certain areas to show what options are out there and how it has worked for those using Reiki. The purpose seems to be to inform people interested in using Reiki either as a practitioner/medical professional or even as a patient so that more people can utilize this tool. There is no one specific audience, it seems to be directed towards anyone looking into Reiki either as a practitioner or a patient as a way to improve health because he is very broad in his work and doesn’t single out any sort of group.
Bossi, L., Ott, M., & DeCristofaro, S. (2008). Reiki as a clinical intervention in oncology nursing practice. Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing, 12(3), 489-494. http://web.a.ebscohost.com.libproxy.plymouth.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=1&sid=f09ea682-9c72-4074-baaa-dd51ef25c6c2%40sdc-v-sessmgr06
Three nurses, Lorraine Bossi, Mary Ott, and Susan DeCristofaro, in “Reiki as a Clinical Intervention in Oncology Nursing Practice” (2008), share with readers their experiences introducing Reiki in their own clinical practice, determining that it is very beneficial to patients and nurses alike. They explain their findings by sharing basic information on Reiki, their experiences, the experiences of their patients, the benefits they witnessed, and how others can incorporate it. The purpose seems to be to promote the use of Reiki, so that more patients and nurses alike can reap its benefits in a clinical setting. The intended audience is other nurses; they explain how they got into it, how other nurses can gain these skills, and how it can benefit them.
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